At its first presentation on September 7, 1999, the Kunstbeirat closely scrutinized the concept of DER BEVÖLKERUNG. The historical implications of the terms “Volk” (people) and “Bevölkerung” (population), as well as their combination with the notion of “earth” were discussed. A heated discussion took place in the media also about the meaning of the proposed dedication DER BEVÖLKERUNG (To the population), as it refers to the inscription DEM DEUTSCHEN VOLKE (To the German people) inscribed on the pediment of the portico of the Reichstag building. The question was raised whether the Kunstbeirat had the exclusive right to make a decision on an artistic project with fundamental, political implications. An intraparty motion eventually led to an hour-long plenary debate of the Bundestag about Hans Haacke’s project proposal on April 5, 2000.